The Paris Agreement Opens for Signing

Earth Day this year heralds the opening of the Paris Agreement for signing at the United Nations Headquarters in New York.

The Paris Agreement was created at the end of last year to combat climate change by focusing on reducing CO2 emissions in order to keep the global temperature increase under 2 C. Two degrees Celsius marks the threshold where climate change becomes permanent. As such, the limit has been set at 1.5 C, which would be met by ensuring no net emissions during the second half of this century.

Under the Paris Agreement, each nation would set its own target for emissions with no formal enforcement system, but with reports given every five years for transparency.

Included is the Green Climate fund, a nonbinding plan to provide $100 billion to developing countries per year as aid towards reducing their emissions.

168 countries are expected to sign at the signature ceremony this afternoon.  While this number is a UN record, it is only the first step towards the agreement taking effect– 55 countries representing 55% of global greenhouse gases contributions have to sign and ratify before the treaty goes into effect.

So far, only 14 countries representing 0.17% of global emissions are expected to ratify immediately. However, countries do have a year to sign the Paris Agreement, starting today.

So far, China and America announced a joint pledge to ratify this year– together, these two countries contribute 38% of global greenhouse gases. In total, about 90 countries are expected to ratify this year.

The total emissions, however, falls short of the 55% required for the agreement. One of the larger emitters, such as Russia- sitting at 7.53%, or two like India (4.1%) and Japan (3.79%) would be required to ratify the agreement before it goes into effect.

Climate Analytics has a ratification tracker if you want to get a  visual representation of who has ratified so far.

IFLScience has an infographic detailing this information and more.

Families4Nature Zoo Day

Families4Nature logo

Join us at the Fort Wayne Children’s Zoo for the Families4Nature kick-off celebration Saturday, April 30th  from 11 am to 3 pm!

This intiative encourages families to get outside, whether on their own or through one of the many events and programs hosted in collaboration with the ERC and Little River Wetlands Project.

The Families4Nature Zoo Day features different booths hosted by the three organizations, all with activities that can count towards the Nature Passport and into a free children’s zoo admission ticket. Children can visit various stations throughout the Zoo and earn twenty points on their printed passport by attending this event.

Regular Zoo admission rates apply.

Visit http://kidszoo.org/conservation/you-can-help/ or http://erc.ipfw.edu/education/families4nature/ to print off the passport and learn more.